From the 18 th century it wasnt necessary to cut the bread but only to break it.
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The medieval writings tell us that those people who served the food were very careful and they had specific orders not to collect the rests remained from the meal in front of the guests because they might feel offended. On the other hand, if you want to use your spoon to take some food from a common plate you must clean it first if you used it before. Everyone at a table must be very careful not to stain the napkin because a very filthy one might make someone feel bad or make him nausea.
But it is more to be told about how a meal took place centuries ago. Kings and nobility used that protocol to show their power and authority. The Romanian people posses from the 16th century a book known as The teachings of Neagoe Basarab written to his son Theodosie 4. This book is very similar to Machiavellis Prince, but it is more than some pages with advice about republics, it is a masterpiece of knowledge describing how a prince of Valachia must be in order to rule an orthodox country.
It is hard for someone not orthodox to understand these moral and diplomatic way of life.
In one of his chapters, the author not very well known, unfortunately , says its normal for the Goodman to eat among his best boyards. These meetings were an opportunity of great joy and the prince alone was the one who had to make sure that no matter how drunk his nobles were, he remains with his clear head and will5. To delight us, the author of the book says that not the people who drink, eat or make jokes put him in charge of the country, God did.
So the king must do the Gods will not the one of his nobles. And then we are told what shameful things happen to a drunken prince. It is a good advice for every person that gives a meal to let the people invited to sit how they want. By moving them as you want and divide them in people you like and whom you dont like is going to make the last of them either sad or disappointed either with great anger towards you. Cause the heart of a man is like glass. Once broken, it is impossible to repair 6. Ibidem, p. The Serving of the Peacock banquet. A facsimile of a Vergilius edition, published in Lyon, Another great writer, also Romanian, Dimitrie Cantemir describes in his book Descriptio Moldaviae how a meal organized by the ruler of Moldavia took place at the beginning of the 18th century8.
When the prince has his lunch, he is always joined by two of his most powerful nobles and by other two with lower importance. Sometimes at the meal participates the captains and the old soldiers. The queen usually has her lunch in separate room with her best friends. Rarely she joins her husband at meal. In the sound made by clarions, the servants bring the food. After the food is put on the table the Bishop blesses it and water is brought for hand wash. The prince sits at the table first and after him all the others do. The bishop has separate food because he is not aloud to eat meat, made from fish and milk.
After a while when the heads are a little heated, it is time to drink a glass of wine; first in the name of the Creator, then to honor the sultan, but without naming it. The third glass belongs to the bishop who drinks praying the king. Then he blesses him and all of the people at the table raise and kiss the princes hand. At the end of the meal, a lot of glasses of wine are drunk in honor of every person they can still remember.
The meal is over only when the prince puts his napkin on the table. One of his servants understanding that, hits with his silver stick in the floor. At this sign, all the people raise up. At least, those who still can. Those that are too drunk to move are carried away. When the prince turns his back to wash his hands after the meal his servants grab everything they can because for them it is an honor to eat from the meals organized by the prince. On the princes command, the nobles are taken to their houses with music. The day after, they all go to him, they thank him for the honor given to them and they apologize for the mistakes made at lunch when they were drunk.
Another example of how such a meal was given by the ruler family is the one in the honor of Paul from Alep and his uncle, the Patriarch Macarie by the prince Constantin 'erban9. Paul from Alep says that he observed the Romanians have the custom of bringing the food to the table with music. His remarks about the habit of drinking a large number of glasses in the honor of several persons are very funy because he says he felt like being shudder after all those cups of wine.
Paul from Alep tells us that at the beginning of the meal, a candle was lighted near a Madonna The Swedish diplomat Clas Brorsson Ralamb, another guest of Constantin 'erban, appreciated that the food was very good and that there were a lot of dishes brought during the meal. He also observed the whole ritual of drinking in honor of different persons and, of course, he participated It is time now to see what people ate.
In the citizens of Sibiu send for the wedding of Radu from Afumati with Ruxandra, daughter of the former prince Neagoe Basarab, wine, fresh fish, 2 oxes, 32 lambs, chickens, flour, bread and oat The inhabitants of the town of Cluj also served the ambassadors who went to Wiena or Buda with chickens, ducks, sheep, lambs, rams, cows, rabbits, pigs, sausages, fish, vegetables, fruits, milk, drink and many more The Romanian people treated their guests in the same manner; their kings paid for the food brought to all of the diplomats that came to their country.
So, a Polish secretary crossing Moldova in writes that he received at the place were he was staying an ox for food. The same treatment was given to Jacob the Paleolog to whom Alexandru II Mircea sent chickens, meat, candles, bread, wine, oat and hay A very important food was the fish, used by Romanians when they were keeping the fast. John Newberic, an English merchant wondering in south Basarabia around describes how the roes were prepared. Therefore, they were cut in very small pieces and kept salted for three days and three nights in a barrel with a hole made in order for salted water to flow Then the roes were washed very well and put again in the barrel for another three days.
After that, they were pressed with some heavy rocks, being now ready for transportation. Another Englishman, Bargrave16 tells us that the town of Galati is a market were you can find great fish at a very cheap price. He writes that sometimes the villagers caught huge sturgeons. The same Paul from Alep, whose writings we have mentioned above, describes a royal hatchery near the city of Iasi.
We should remember first that these hatcheries were a royal monopoly. Paul writes to us that the fishes from the hatchery were those with roes Here is one example of how fish was prepared for the meal. The fish is taken, cut into small pieces and salted.
After that, you take a pan and pour wine, sugar and vinegar into it, but you got to be careful with the amount of each one of them. When the wine is boiled, it is time to put in the pan the pieces of fish. After a short time, you can put oil over the fish, as well as cinnamon, thyme, mace, onion and pepper. The fish is ready when the juice is thick At the beginning of the 18th century, there are around 64 recipes involving fishes known in Romania, 20 recipes of food made from different vegetables alongside with recipes that used meat, eggs, sausages and fruit.
Many of these recipes had advices of how to use the drink if the food was too spicy. For a perfect meal with more dishes, the cook must choose the perfect sauce for each dish. The same Paul from Alep, in one of his writings, tells us that in Valahia he found orchards with apples, peaches, pears, cherries, plums, quinces that are very well tended Dan Horia Mazilu, op.
Across time, history showed that the nobles and the kings loved to hunt. Greeks and Romans appreciated hunting boars. The same feeling was shared by Germans and Celts. At the beginning of the Middle Ages, till A. Fighting the boar face to face was a heroic act. But around the 14th century, the boar was an animal that was no longer appreciated and his hunt became discredited. The Romans loved this animal for his willing to fight and his force, naming him with words like acer tempestuous , ferus ferocious , fulmineus flying , rubicundus wroth , saevus furious , torvus forbidding , violentus violent ; Christianity transformed him in an impure animal, part of darkness If Romans considered the hunt of the deer to be without passion and glory because the animal keeps on running, starting with the 14 th century the deer changes places with the boar.
And this is not a particularly thing known only in France and England but in entire Europe. Romanian prince Dimitrie Cantemir 21 writes to us that hunting it is a habit considered by rulers to be very pleasant.
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He says that for the country of Moldavia the hunt made possible his medieval appearance. The noble Dragos came in the territory of Moldavia by chasing a bison. That is the legend of how Moldavia was established. Cantemir tells us that the princes used when hunting peasants from the villages surrounding the forest in order to scare the animals and direct them where the hunters with hounds were. The king paid for every animal caught. The most valuable were the deers and the bears. The animals considered impure such as foxes, bears and wild cats were given to the peasants Writers from Middle Ages thought about the boar that he was ugly and black, that he was a traitor and full of pride having two terrible weapons worthy of hades.
The boar was described as an animal that dont looks up, only with his snout in the earth, and when he was satisfied he wanted rest. He was the enemy of Christ. He was the devil This change of opinions has not only religious fundaments but political as well. From 13th century only the kings possessed large forests were hunting a deer riding was possible.
Nobles and captains remained as servants with the hunt of the boar, which is done even by foot. The Christian Church made the boar an animal despised by everyone by putting him in her book of beasts. The only sin from the mythological seven that its not associated with the boar was that of being avaricious.
The deer becomes with the Christian church a blessed animal. Many authors wrote about the deer making him the animal of Christ, symbol of fecundity and resurrection because his antlers grow every year. The deer becomes an image of baptism, an enemy of evil. Plinius says that the deer fights all snakes by forcing them to get out of their hole in order to kill them.
The Christian writers use that phrase to show again what benefic animal was the deer. It is invoked even the psalm 42 that says as the deer pleases the water from the well, like wise my soul pleases You, my Lord The hunter can now become a saint. An example is the legend of saint Eustache, a roman general that sees one day, when hunting, a crucifix between the antlers of a deer.
From that day the hunter and his family choused for eternity the Christian religion The Church didnt manage to suppress the hunting as she wished. It was impossible: during the Middle Ages kings and nobles hunted and shared their capture. But the Church was able to transform this desire to hunt, making them less savage and cruel.
In order to do that, the bear and the boar were to become despised animals. Strange or not, it was for sure effective. La nourriture, aussi que les bonnes mani ,res, utilises. Toutefois, dans les si ,cles. Ainsi sexplique-t-il, aussi pour lespace roumain, que les banquets donns pour les princes deviennent une vraie occasion de f te pour les nobles les boyards et pour les serviteurs. Le prince prenait place le premier et les autres apr ,s lui, selon des normes codifies qui consacrent et mettent en sc,ne lhirarchie sociale autour de laquelle toute la socit sorganise. The Spanish Golden Century does not really represent a number of one hundred years, but a period.
The term century has known a lot of significants in time, such as epoque or age. Another acception is that of the people who lived in the same time, while Eugen Cizek proposes a fourth variant, representing a key moment in history1. Therefore, we can talk of the century of Pericle, or the Spanish Golden Century. The top moment for the Spanish art is considered to be during the 16 th and 17th century, corresponding to the Renaissance and the Baroque, respectively.
The 16th century, in turn, is divided in two big periods, the one of Charles Vs reign and the one of his son, Philip II. The Spanish Golden Age is the Spain of some great personalities of mankind. Their teach us about their own reality, about their most intimate thoughts, making us the great honor of sharing their vision of the world.
The artistic school of Sevilla was the most important in Spain during the first half of the 17th century, dominated by the Baroque spirit, so well represented by Velzquez, the most important Spanish painter of the Baroque poque. When talking about don Diegos life, Ortega y Gasset said that it was one of the most natural and simple a man could ever imagine In the case of Diego Velzquez, the very little information we have about his life, has a strange character.
We know so little about him, but we do not need to know more, as there was only one big event in Velzquezs life: he was named the kings painter when he was very young3. Goya, Bucure ti, Editura Meridiane, , p. Till the day of his death, on the 7th of August , Diego Velzquez spent his life at kings Philip IV court, accompanying him all over, including a very important meeting between the Spanish monarch and Louis XIV, on the Pleasants Island.
He was one of Philips protgs, being named the kings knight in and decorated with the cross of the Order of Santiago. The Spanish society of the 16th century, envied Velzquez for his wealthy position, which brought him many animosities. One day, shortly after being named the kings personal painter, Philip IV told him people said he only knew how to paint heads. The young, 24 year old painter, replied: Sire, this is a great honor, as I have not seen yet a well painted head4.
In his paintings, most of them portraits, Velzquez showed the reality of the Spanish society, dominated by mad people, brought at court by the king himself. The realism of his paintings was, most of the times, overwhelming. In , Mayans y Siscar told an extremely amusing moment, related to the painters biography.
While he was in Italy to make a portrait of the pope Inocentiu X, Velzquez left the finished painting in the popes room and one of the servants of the latter, when he entered the chamber, thought that the pope was still there5. The minuteness of Velzquezs paintings made famous two of his works: Las Meninas, which was first called The family ant The surrender of Breda, also known as The Lances6. The first painting reproduces a scene of Velzquezs studio, having princess Margarita and her servants in the forefront, then in the back seat stood the king and queen, whose figures are reflected in a mirror and don Diego himself appears painting on the easel.
The technique used was that of light and shade. Regarding the second picture, it presents a great historic interest.
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The Lances show an event that took place in , when Ambrosio de Spnola, marquis of Los Ballases, the best commander of Philip IV in the 30 year war, conquests the city of Breda, one of the key places of the Dutch, situated in Brabant. In , Velzquez immortalizes the scene where the Spanish general receives the key of the town from the hands of Justin of Nassau, the brother of Mauriciu of Orania, on the 5th of June , after a four month siege. Spnola allowed the conquered army to leave Breda, keeping their guns and waited at the gates of the town.
Afterwards, he saluted the Dutch general who was the first to get out of the fortress, followed by his wife. Mayans y Siscar, Arte de pintar. The notice of the victory had been received with great joy by the people of Madrid and by pope Urban VIII, who congratulated Spnola on washing his hands in the heretics blood7. In November , a play written by Caldern de la Barca was performed at Madrid, based on the surrender of Breda.
The author puts in Spnolas mouth the words that were to remain famous: The value of the conquered ones is what makes the winner famous. Velzquez must have seen the play and, nine years later, after many studies, he forged a historic painting. On huge canvas, the battle field appears, full of smoke, clouds and blur. On each side of the painting, there are nine figures: the Dutch on the left, and the Spanish, on the right.
The group of the defeated ones is achieved with a bigger variety of light and color. The Spanish are more elegant and sophisticated. Among the multitude of figures, each one of them individualized by the way it was painted, it is believed that the figure of the painter also appears on the canvas. One of the most important elements of the painting are the 28 lances, only four of them being bent. The lances of Velzquezs painting are a national symbol, as they were the characteristic weapon of the Spanish tercios, an obsession for the Spanish, both positive and negative.
They sustained the empire, but, at the same time, they cost a great deal of money, much more than the country could spend8. Norbert Wolf, Diego Velzquez The face of Spain, Taschen, , p. Jos Ortega y Gasset, op. Secondly, the lances were the symbol of Spains menacing power, showing both skill and compassion Spnola looks at his enemy with kindness and puts his hand on Nassaus shoulder 9. The surrender of Breda does not contain any allegoric or mythological reference, representing also the first picture, entirely historic, of the modern European painting. Many things have been written on don Diego Velzquez de Silva.
It is proved by the selection of biographies of the 17th and 18th centuries, commentaries, letters and poems dedicated to him by well acquainted poets, such as Francisco de Quevedo, autographs and documents published in in the volume Velzquez. Homenaje en el tercer centenario de su muerte Velzquez. Homage on the third anniversary of his death , by the Diego Velzquez Institute of Madrid.
Francisco Pacheco, don Diegos father in law, wrote in Diego Velsques de Silva, mi yerno, ocupa con razn el tercer lugar, a quien despus de cinco a os cas con mi hija, movido de su virtud, limpieza y buenas partes, y de las esperanzas de su natural y grande ingenio 10 Diego Velsques de Silva, my son in law, has the third place in my heart, the Norbert Wolf, op. Francisco Pacheco, in Velzquez. The great painter died on the 7th of August , being laid out in the Alczar, wrapped in his mantle of the order of Santiago. He was buried during the night at the San Juan Bautista church, in the presence of many royal dignitaries.
His wife, Juana Pacheco, survived him only for a week and was buried next to him. Today, there is no trace left of the church or the tomb of don Diego. But his work did survive. Maybe, that is the reason why his works are full of such elements, either we refer to his drama or his poems.
First and foremost, the figure of the king is evoked as a positive one, playing the role of the best judge, like in Lopes plays El mejor alcalde, el rey The best mayor, the king , Fuenteovejuna or Perib ez y el comendador de Oca a Perib ez and the comendador from Oca a. Regarding the historic events Lope assisted during his 73 years of life, they were so many, such as the personalities that were contemporary to him.
The period when Lope lived is one of great flowering for the cultural and spiritual life of Spain. Merchandise from all around the world arrived at the Spanish court, books from Italy and Sevilla, students from Salamanca, the oldest university in Spain and fourth of Europe and Alcal de Henares, painters from the South. In , one year before Lopes birth, Antonio de Berruguete, the most representative plastic artist of Spains Renaissance, died. In , when Lope was still a child, the works of the Council of Trento came to an end, establishing the spiritual dogma of the Spanish life.
In , there was the rebellion of the Moors from Alpujarras and Lope will observe the joy in his own home ant of his neighbors for the revival of the Reconquista. In , the prince Don Carlos and queen Isabelle of Valois, died. Close to Lopes house, in Lpez de Hoyos studio, a young man called Miguel de Cervantes wrote his first verses in honor of queen Isabela. At the age of nine, Lope heard the first stories about the heroic battle of Lepanto.
In , Francisco de Quevedo, one of the most important authors of the novella picaresca, was born. When Lope was 35, the great poet Fernando de Herrera, died. In , Velzquez was born. In , both El Greco and Cervantes die. Lope de Vega witnessed the publishing of the two parts of Don Quijote, in and , the birth of Don Juans legend and Calderns philosophic play Life is a dream.
But Lope did not only witness important historic and cultural events, but was also a part of them. In , we find Lope on the lists of volunteers who were about to leave for the Azore Islands, under the command of the marquis of Santa Cruz, don lvaro de Bazn, in order to pacify the last island that did not recognize kings Philip authority. In , Lope took part at the war against England, along with the Invincible Armada. In , Charles I of England came to Spain, together with the duke of Buckingham, looking for a wife.
In , Portugal separated from Spain. In his works, Lope did not only talk about the historic deeds that included him directly or not, but also about the popular feasts, the way how the people of Madrid enjoyed bullfights and religious fiestas. One of the center characters of Lope was the city of Madrid, whose buildings and churches, the author described, along side with the Retiro palace. Lope de Vega, also known of El Fnix, is not only the author of more than comedies, but also of a big number of poems which try to recreate scenes of day to day life.
Among them, there I one which requires a special attention, as it refers to the visit of Charles I in Spain in the year This quatrain is extremely well known among the English and Spanish historians, who studied the visit of Charles I in Spain. The reason why the verses are so popular among the English is that they appear in James Howells chronicle, from the 17th century, entitled Family Letters.
Finding himself by accident in Madrid in the spring of , Howell attended the demand of the English ambassador to accompany Charles in his visit. The verses were sent by Howell in a letter delivered to captain Thomas Porter, on the 10th of July The Spanish society of that time thought that Charles came to Spain to become a Christian, and, on the other hand, the people at court, evaluated the benefits that a personal union between Spain and England could bring to them. Through this virtual marriage, Charles I was trying to become a mediator for the conflicts between Catholics and Protestants, whose misunderstandings devastated Europe at the time.
The Spanish were extremely refractory to the idea of giving their infant in marriage to a heretic, and that is why they postponed the offer for some years, managing to maintain Charles hopes and to keep away from an English military offensive. The heir to Englands throne remained in Spain till September , but he will not receive a positive answer from the Spanish authorities, that would lead to hostilities in , when the English attacked Cdiz.
Lope alluded to this event with a series of allegoric elements, comparing Charles to a rainbow which left London to arrive in Spain: Iris del cielo de la Gran Breta a Despus de tanta tempestad, Espa a Te mira en breve esfera luminosa As for Lopes historic plays, there sometimes came up the question whether they were based on real facts or not. For many historians who studied Lopes works, the most real from the historic point of view, seems to be Fuenteovejuna, which narrates the collective vengeance of the villagers of Fuenteovejuna against the abuses of their comendador.
The event is mentioned in the Chronicle of Rades, and the comendador is historically attested. Lope is the author of many plays with universal history events or characters, such as The slave of Rome, The great feats of Alexander, Rome in flames, The great duke of Moscow, The famous Transilvanian prince, which evocates the figure of Sigismund Bthory. Lope de Vega is the typical example of the genius, of the man who surpassed his contemporaries in order to observe and to surprise better their day to day life.
Lope fought and created. He fought for the ideal of a great Spain and he created an impressive work. Lope de Vega is, for sure, the spirit of a historic period, his life being a lived and assumed history. But not only Lope was a warrior and untamed spirit. Armada and some plays about him being captured by the Moors and brought in captivity to Alger. In the 18th century, almost every Spanish home gave the country a monk, a soldier or both The king and the church have always been the symbols of the Middle Ages, the symbols of power.
The king sent his army to fight in order to conquer new territories, and to increase his countrys influence upon the others. But to me, the real symbols of the poques through time are always the ones who immortalize the reality of their day to day life, the painters and the writers. The borders have not survived through time, but the works of these great creators of art, did. Politics have changed, the entire world has changed, but the works of art are eternal.
Lope de Vega et Velzquez constituent sans aucune doute uns des plus reprsentatifs personnages de cette poque, car ils ont su raliser une image si raliste de leur temps, en utilisant les verses et la peinture. Des tableaux tr s impressionnants parmi loeuvre de Velzquez comme Las Meninas et Les lances constituent une vive et vraie image de lEspagne de la monarchie autrichienne, de m,me que les verses de Lope qui parlent des v nements remarquables qui ont marqu la vie quotidienne de lEspagne du Si cle dOr.
Lope de Vega a t un personnage vraiment complet, car il a crit et a lutt, comme son voisin, Cervantes, pour lidal dune Espagne grandiose. Le premier Si cle dOr de lhistoire de lEspagne reprsente videmment pour celle-ci une priode importante, car ctait la quelle a connu une des plus grandes floraisons de sa culture. Owning a wide landed property, the Glogoveanu family, could join other families with an old and far off origin as boyars, probably before the foundation of the feudal state Walachia.
The existence of their estate is proved by a great number of testaments and many others documents in which are specified the frontiers hot rnicii that have remained as a testimony along the time. This noble family owned properties in four from the five districts of Oltenia: Dolj, Gorj, Mehedin'i and Romana'i. The estate in which they actually dwelled and the centre of theie socioeconomic and political life was Glogova, situated in the north-eastern parts of Oltenia.
After the members from this family had established a residence in Craiova, the main city of the province, to the end of the 17th century, they tried to extend their dominions in the districts from the field region, Dolj and Romana'i. At September 5th the estate was owned by Florica, the daughter of the comis Radu Corl tescu. They sold the estate to lady Elina, the wife of Matei Basarab.
At 5th September , the estate was belonging to Florica, the daughter of the comis Radu Corl tescu, and to the pitar Nicola Glogoveanu. In , the pitar Nicola bought back the village with ducats and became again the landowner of the estate. In , the estate was the property of Matei Glogoveanu. Six years later, Ilinca Strmbeanu appeared as the owner and she would leave the possession to his son Ioan a document from March 6th The serdar Ioni' Glogoveanu sustained that tirbei enclosed, without any right, this estate.
The serdar tirbei contested the validity of the document, saying that the village mentioned above had been in the possession of Nicolas sister, Ani'a Rusi'a, who sold it to Constantin Strmbeanul. Glogoveanu mentioned that this sale wasnt correct. After the measurements were done, was decided that half of the village should be due to Ioni' Glogoveanu, and the other half to the serdar tirbei7. Marin Matei Popescu, Adrian N. Beldeanu, op. The boyars from the Glogoveanu family held also, starting with , the estate Boanta.
It was mentioned for the first time in a charter emitted at 3rd April , through which, Petru Voievod, gave a half from the property of Bonteni to Neagomir and the other half to Neagoe8. After this date and until , the estate had many owners. The monastery received, along the time, from different rulers, many legal confirmations for these parts of the estate. At 3rd June , Michael the Brave, accorded to the dreg tor jupn Radu, great clucer, to Preda, great postelnic and to Stroe, great stolnic, the possession over several parts from the village Bonteni, along with vineyards and mills, bought from Staicu, Radu and Stroe for aspri9.
After this date, the v taf Necula, owing some debts to Preda, former great ban of Craiova, had to sell some of the villages among which Boanta was too At the end of the 18th century, the serdar Ioni' Glogoveanu was at the law with the serdar tirbei regarding the possession of some villages. Among them, Boanta counts too. At 2nd September, in the same year, and 22nd, the next year, this piece of land became the property of Nicolae Glogoveanu, in exchange for some debts that Constantin Tabacu owed to him.
At 1 st March , Ecaterina Melinescu and his husband Dr ghici Preo'escu sold more stnjeni from this property to Nicolae Glogoveanu: at 18th August 3 stnjeni , at 20th August 6 stnjeni , 30th November 17 stnjeni , at 15th July one Documente privind istoria Romniei, 16th century, B. XI , p. XXI , p. In the estate was in the property of the freeholders and of the clucer Constandin Glogoveanu. Eight years later, owners of the village had become the aga Constantin Glogoveanu and another two members of the family Melinescu, Constantin and State, and the freeholders Another estate from the possessions of the Glogoveanu family is Valea Muierii.
Before becoming the property of this boyar family, it belonged to the Melinescu family. At 15th July the same Ecaterina Melinescu sold to the same boyar another 5 stajens from the land. As if this wasn t enough, she suspects that her husband is cheating on her. Her issues are hardly unique, but she has simply no time to stop and think them through. They build up relentlessly, threatening to crush her. Carrying on takes more energy than she has left. Will she be able to save what s fragile and unique in her life? She also worked, casting directed Ildiko Enyedi s Oscar nominated On body.
He studied directing at the University of Industrial Arts in Helsinki. One Last Deal is his latest film. He tries to fit in first and teams up with 3 other classmates rapidly labeled as rebel students. Indeed lying, stealing, cheating and betraying are things they have to master in order to survive in the seminary. He is a screenwriter and director of short films, feature films and TV series.
But Aban won t let go without a fight. Orange Days is his first narrative feature film. All of a sudden, when his wife Laura abandons the family home, he is left alone to juggle between the children s needs, life s daily challenges and his job. Faced with these new responsibilities, he struggles to find a balance.
Because Laura s not coming back. Guillaume Senez Guillaume Senez was born in Brussels in He has written and directed several short films selected for a number of festivals. His first feature film, Keeper released in , was chosen for more than 70 festivals including Toronto, Locarno, Angers In , his second feature Our Struggles, has a special screening for the 57th Semaine de la Critique. As her tenuous hold on reality begins to crumble, she finds herself uncertain as to what is real and what is her imagination, leading her to the brink of catastrophe.
Can a pause mark a new beginning for her? She has also served as Vice president of the Directors Guild of Cyprus board. Instead it held them back and made them meet Yara, a stubborn girl with very different perspectives and backgrounds, who is searching for her missing brother hoping she could find him in what was left of their beautiful city. He directed two short movies: Monologue in and Goodbye in Once Again , My last friend , and Waiting for the Fall are his feature films.
He must now raise his two daughters going through their adolescent years and while going through some sort of a teenage crisis of his own. Frida, years old, blames her father for her mother s absence and develops ambivalent feelings towards his new girlfriend. Niki, years old, will soon leave home. Mario can t help but lose the women he loves. Yet they must all agree to let go of one another. Can accepting to lose someone eventually lead to finding oneself?
Together with Marie Amachoukeli, she co-directed Demolition Party and C est gratuit pour les filles; screened at Cannes, it was awarded a Cesar for best short feature film and a special mention at Clermont-Ferrand. Can they turn each other s lives around before they re swallowed by their circumstance? Respeto is a celebration of the underground Pinoy hip-hop world and how words help people to find oneself.
Alberto Treb Monteras II Treb has directed TV shows, commercials, live concerts and over music videos and created album cover shoots for some of the Philippines best artists. He later pursued his passion for filmmaking and studied at the Mowelfund Film Institute and at the International Institute for Film and the Arts. His father Noe is a respected artist and Segundo s role model. Noe is teaching Segundo the necessary skills to carry on in his footsteps.
But cracks have developed in their close relationship because Noe is keeping a dark secret, the film peeks behind the facade of a seemingly intact village community where homophobic attitudes enforced by patriarchal laws are carried out with remorseless violence. Alvaro Delgado-Aparicio L. After making two highly successful short films, Retablo is his debut feature. Director - Valerio Mieli Ricordi? The journey through the years of two individuals, united-divided, happy-unhappy, deeply in love-or in love with others, in a single stream of emotions and shades of feeling.
Over the course of the film, he learns that love can indeed last, while she learns to live with nostalgia. Their memories, as well, change over time: fading or else bursting with happiness, in a present that fast slips away, becoming memories. Valerio Mieli Valerio Mieli born in the year is a director and screenwriter. He is the winner of the David di Donatello and the Nastro d argento for his opera prima Ten winters and the public award at the Venice Days of the Venice Film Festival for the film Ricordi?
In a restaurant, without any apparent reason, he starts insulting Claudio, a renowned lawyer. The community supports the lawyer and the stranger is humiliated and thrown out of the place. Later that night the stranger, who is determined to wreak a terrible vengeance, intercepts Claudio and his wife Susana. The lawyer then takes a path of no return involving death, secrets and silences. His work includes fictions: El Juego short-film, selected at Cannes Cinefondation - as well as experimental works: Historia del mal , screened in Rotterdam and in several international exhibitions.
Delivering an artful love letter to the women who raised him, Cuaron draws on his own childhood to create a vivid and emotional portrait of domestic strife and social hierarchy amidst political turmoil of the s. He worked as an assistant director on several films and also directed for television before making his feature directorial debut with Solo Con Tu Pareja , Cuaron made his American feature film debut with a new adaptation of Frances Hodgson Burnett s classic children s novel, A Little Princess Being the head of the family and as the eldest brother, he arranges for his brother, Faroogh, and his family, along with their mother, to be smuggled into Germany.
But Faroogh makes his decision known to Azim that he is not going to take their mother. Azim, who feels lonely, accidentally finds out that his mother is in need of a kidney transplant, else she ll die in 2 months. But Iranians are not legally permitted to donate their organs to foreigners and he is the only donor. Now, he has to choose between his own life and his mother s. Jamshid Mahmoudi Jamshid Mahmoudi was born in in Afghanistan. He was hardly one-year-old when his family sought refuge in Pakistan, and then in lran.
In he directed his first feature, A few Cubic Meters of Love inspired by a true story that took place in Kabul. The film was very well received by the international audience and was selected as the Afghan representative for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 87th Academy. Rona, Azim s Mother is his second feature film as the director and scriptwriter.
However, what could be the beginning of a love story, becomes an end. Son of a truck driver and passionate about movies, he moved to the South to study Cinema. His first feature film, To My Beloved , was awarded for screenplay and direction in festivals such as Brasilia, Sundance and was also screened in San Sebastian. The story is about a gang in the south of Tehran which exploits many youngsters and orphans from the streets for drug dealing activities. Shahin and Shakoor who are brothers are leading the gang but when it gets collapsed it creates a crisis in their family and their lifes.
When the young son is arrested, secrets are exposed that upend their tenuous, below-theradar existence and test their quietly radical belief that it is love not blood that defines a family. Hirokazu Kore-eda Hirokazu Kore-eda was born in Tokyo. His original aim was to find a career as a novelist, but after graduation he changed his mind, turning to film. Sibel is a mute, but she communicates by using the ancestral whistled language of the area. Rejected by her fellow villagers, she relentlessly hunts down a wolf that is said to be prowling in the neighbouring forest, sparking off fears and fantasies among the village women.
There she crosses path with a fugitive. Injured, threatening and vulnerable, he is the first one to take a fresh look at her. The film premiered at the ACID section of Cannes , then selected to more than 80 Festivals, awarded 15 prizes, and had a successful theatrical release in France in April The duo has completed their second feature film Ningen While his sister Vicky, an overseas Filipino worker, sends them money for their living.
Getting in touch with Vicky through a mobile phone is a constant struggle for Intoy, who often scrambles on top of strange rock formations to find a signal. During one of their phone calls, Intoy is devastated to learn that Vicky, together with her daughter, has left her husband who had abused her. Angry and worried, and poor but with a gift of gab, Intoy becomes resourceful and finds a way to help his sister and niece from their adversity all the way from Biri. Chito S. Rono Chito S. Rono , also known as Sixto Kayko, is a Filipino writer, film producer and film director known for his expansive vision and special-effectsheavy films, most notably Yamashita: The Tiger s Treasure for which he won the Metro Manila Film Festival for best director.
But everything changes when she sees a damaged, overloaded boat full of refugees nearby. Knowing that at least a hundred people could drown, she begins to organize to help them but slowly begins to fear that it will be impossible to do so. Fischer directed and co-wrote Styx which won the European Cinema Label prize for best European film in the Panorama section. Her only comfort during these dull times are her dreams of being a Superhero, which prove to be something her rebellious teenage sister Mwix, overprotective mother Kathryn and the entire village of Maweni think they can fulfill.
Likarion Wainaina Kenyan filmmaker Likarion Wainaina was born in Moscow, Russia but now lives in Nairobi where he works as a director and cinematographer. He has worked on a number of documentaries and commercials as a camera operator and has directed several TV shows and short films. His creative career is on the rise - until the soldier and the show s financial backers disagree about how the show should end, and Salam is caught in the middle.
The following year, Zoabi was awarded a merit scholarship to pursue a Master s Degree. In February , he completed his M. A in Film direction at Clumbia s school of the Arts. Zoabi s previous short film Be Quiet is an international award winning film. As a young boy he coveted other people s things but it wasn t until his early adolescence that his true calling to be a thief manifested itself.
When he meets Ramon at his new school, Carlitos is immediately drawn to him and starts showing off to get his attention. Together they will embark on a journey of discoveries, love and crime. He attended film school at the Universidad del Cine. El angel is his latest film. Since the four soldiers believe that a strong announcement is a vital part of a successful coup and attracts the people, they plan to read a version of the original coup announcement that will be read in Ankara. However, there is one thing that they do not take into account: the invisible power of the civilian life.
The Announcement Anons is his third film. Accidentally, on its route around the city, his train snags a blue bra hanging from a washing line. Suffering from loneliness, Nurlan decides to embark on the biggest adventure of his life: to find the owner of this piece of underwear. He leaves his village, rents a room in Baku and starts knocking on the doors of houses along the railway track. Nurlan must become creative and spontaneous if he wants to succeed in his quest and convince every woman he meets to try on the mysterious bra.
He started shooting films at the age of fourteen. He moved to East-Berlin to study theatre and directed at the famous drama school Ernst Busch. His first feature film Tuvalu earned more than 32 awards. Hans Block was born on in Berlin, Germany. Moritz Riesewieck is a German essay writer, scriptwriter, theater- and film director. Amir is lost in the desert, front of the complex. However, his parents find him soon. Later, Amir tells his father that someone has seen his body and this makes Farhad very upset and he s looking for a suspect who has sexually harassed his little boy.
Rouhollah Hejazi Rouhollah Hejazi, born in , is an Iranian film director and screenwriter. He has an undergraduate diploma. Hejazi started cinematic activity by directing short films. His first feature film was Among the Clouds. His short film The moon faced was honoured at Minsk International film festival. To hide him from the public, the president appoints him as the commissioner of Croatian government on the furthest settled island Trecic, where he is tasked with the organization of local elections.
The previous seven commissioners haven t succeeded. He was born in in Zagreb. When the call is suddenly disconnected, the search for the woman and her kidnapper begins. With the phone as his only tool, Asger enters a race against time to save the endangered woman, but he soon realizes that he is dealing with a much more complex crime than he first thought. He finds only his son, Georg, a bon vivant retiree who has distanced himself from his father s past. But Ali s visit awakens his interest, and the two men take off on a journey across Slovakia in search of surviving witnesses of the war time tragedy.
He is a director and writer, known for The Garden , Gypsy and The City of the Sun He gained his first experience as a film director and actor while studying at the Academy of Performing Arts in Bratislava. Hanni, Cioama, Eugen and Ruth. Four ordinary German youths trying to navigate the scarcities and prohibitions of Berlin at the height of World War II. They hailed from different social classes and different neighborhoods, but they shared a single common secret: they were Jews. Claus Rafle Since the early s, Claus has shown his feel for extraordinary topics and suspenseful stories.
The jury of the Grimme-Preis distinguished his documentary Die Heftmacher as being the best piece of TV journalism of the year. He made his feature directorial debut with Imbabazi: The Pardon The Mercy of the Jungle is his latest film. Two years later they are not only together, but are demonstrating an amazing strength to deal the traumatic experience.
But Malte finds himself driven to seek revenge and sets out in pursuit. However, once he is facing the confrontation, he realises that the situation has gotten out of control once again. He hasn t told Liv, he didn t call the police and now the couple s fragile relationship is put to the test once more. Sven Taddicken Sven Taddicken was born in Hamburg. The Most Beautiful Couple is his latest feature.
The former weightlifter is the best and most loyal hauler that Walter s boss Roland Grone Uwe Preuss employs at his house moving company. Walter ignores the increasing pain caused by his back-breaking job just as he refuses to see the agony of the people whose sphere of privacy he violates every day. He has made short films which have been featured in film festivals. Atlas is his directorial debut of a feature film. Things don t look encouraging, and not all locals present a welcoming face.
But after crossing paths with stoic travelling shirt salesman-turned-entrepreneur Wikstrom, he finds an unlikely source of kindness and connection. When Khaled eventually receives news of his missing sister, Wikstrom hatches a scheme to help reunite the pair, but it seems getting out of Finland is much trickier than getting in. After graduating in media studies from the University of Tampere, Aki Kaurismaki started his career as a co-screenwriter and actor in films made by his older brother.
He gained worldwide attention with Leningrad Cowboys Go America. At the age of 25, he co-helmed 8 citas, his first feature. His next film, Stockholm , funded by crowdfunding, won three awards at the Malaga Festival, three medals from the Circulo de Escritores Cinematograficos. Muayad Alayan Muayad Alayan was born on in Palestine is a filmmaker and cinematographer based in Jerusalem. Alayan is co-founder of Palcine Productions, a collective of filmmakers and audio-visual artists in Jerusalem and Bethlehem. In addition he has also worked as a film and cinematography instructor.
He takes them to a nearby river for a swim for moments of deep respite and happiness. Their lives take an unexpected turn when Kanat, an estranged cousin, unexpectedly arrives at the village and the mundane life of the family begins to fall apart for good. He is the head of the household of a broken family. The Secret of a Leader tells the tale of how Kanat s life changes and he enters a new world through a fateful encounter with his old friend Daniyar. The film portrays Kazakh society as it becomes captive to capitalism after gaining independence, and it explores the topic of family in a unique fashion.
The film is tragic because only illegal capital can restore Kanat s family. Back at in Stalinstadt, they spontaneously hold a two minute silence during class in solidarity with the victims of the Hungarian struggle against Soviet oppression. But the gesture causes much bigger ripples than expected. The People s Education Minister condemns the action as a counter-revolutionary act and demands that the ringleader be named, forcing the students to choose between standing together or not. He has directed 35 films since , Kraume has directed numerous television productions, including several episodes of the crime series.
His feature film The People vs. Fritz Bauer was nominated for nine German Film, winning in the categories of best film, best director, best screenplay, best supporting actor, best costume design and best production design, his next film The silent revolution, a true story about a group of DDR youth. When he steals the purse of Elena, an old woman, he ends up hurting her badly. Miguel is plagued by guilt. In an attempt to make things right, he conceals the old woman and starts to take care of the injured and unsuspecting Elena. The closer he gets to her the more he becomes entangled in his own lies.
Afraid of telling Elena the truth. He is an actor, screenwriter and director of theatre and film. His first feature film The Owners, co- directed with Ezequiel Radusky, had its premiere in the 52nd Semaine de la Critique in , where it got a Special Mention from the jury. The film also won the Silver Condor Award.
The Snatch Thief is Toscano s second feature. There he meets Sigmund Freud and over time the two very different men form a singular friendship. When Franz falls in love with the music-hall dancer Anezka he seeks advice from the renowned psychoanalyst who admits that the female sex is as big a mystery to him as it is to Franz. As political and social conditions in Austria dramatically worsen with the Nazis arrival in Vienna, Franz, Freud and Anezka are swept into the maelstrom of events.
Each has a big decision to make: to stay or to flee? He was a founding member of Allegro Film Production and also a founding member of the Austrian Film Academy in He currently works as a director and screenwriter based in Vienna.
His first feature film is Drei Herren The Tobacconist is his latest movie. Producer : Epo-film produktionsges. Returning to the village where he was born, he pours his heart and soul into scraping together the money he needs to be published, but his father s debts catch up with him. They may live far from the dangers of the city, but not from those of nature.
In , she became the first woman ever to win the Leopard for Best Direction at the Locarno Festival. Stuck in Marseilles, he meets a young woman desperate to find her missing husband - the very man he s impersonating. By , he managed to make two more TV films and five additional features, among which Yella won the Best Director award at the Berlinale. In , when amnesty is granted in Brazil, she s forced to move with her family from Paris back to the country she barely remembers. Back in the city she was born in, and where her father was forcedly disappeared, she recovers pieces of memory from a fragmented childhood in Rio de Janeiro.
Not everything is real, not everything is imagination. And as she remembers, Joana must write her own story in the present tense. Flavia Castro Flavia Castro was born in Brazil in , but she grew up in exile. She worked as a researcher or assistant director with directors like Richard Dindo and Philippe Grandrieux, and as a scriptwriter with Eduardo Escorel, Roberto Berliner and Vicente Amorim. Both in France and Brazil, she has always moved between fiction and documentary.
Her first documentary feature film, Diario De Uma Busca, received several international awards. Unremember , her first fictional feature film, is premiering at the Venice Film Festival. Johar wants her final resting place to be next to her sister, so she decides to organize her own funeral and asks Ali to help her. But preparations for the final journey go awry when Ali and Johar unexpectedly start to realize they have feelings for each other. She has written several short film scripts and directed two films The Door and The Djinn.
They both loathe and adore each other at the same time and it all flares up with renewed vigor when Mark goes to visit his father after a long time apart. They are then both forced to come to terms with their past, their choices in life and their love for each other when Victor slowly withers away.
Sergey Livnev In the first film based on his script hit the screens: Assa dir. Sergei Soloviev. He directed two films: Kiks and Hammer and Sickle Both films have won numerous awards at national and international festivals, and participated in the competition programmes of Kinotavr. For the next 23 years Livnev worked in film production, both in Russia and America, repeatedly entering the chart of the top Russian producers.
In returned to directing and made the film Van Goghs, based on his own script. With nowhere to turn, this city boy finds shelter at the home of a colourful local named Vova, with Vova as his guide, Lukas is confronted by a universe beyond his imagination, one in which life seems utterly detached from any identifiable structure. Lukas s contempt for provincial life slowly melts away and sets him on a quest for happiness he had never known could exist. He started his film making journey being a cinematographer and has won several awards for the same.
Volcano is his directorial debut for fiction feature film. At home in Oslo, she obeys the traditions and values of Pakistani family life, but outside with her friends she is just like any other Norwegian teenager. One day, Nisha s two worlds brutally collide when her father catches her in bed with her white, Norwegian boyfriend. Nisha is kidnapped by her parents and sent to live in Pakistan. At first, Nisha feels alone and afraid in the strange, new land, but then slowly, she starts to discover her parents culture in a new way.
She worked as an actor for many years, appearing in theatre, film and television. She also wrote and starred in the short film Old Faithfull, which was selected for the short film competition in Venice. She made her directorial debut with the short film Little Miss Eyeflap at Sundance. In , Haq made her acclaimed first feature film I Am Yours which was also selected at the official Norwegian Oscar entry.
What Will People Say , world premiere in Toronto, is her second film. He directed the short films Masky , Laska , and Druhe dejstvi Winter Flies is his latest feature. She risks all she has to protect the highlands of Iceland-but the situation could change with the unexpected arrival of a small orphan in her life.
Benedikt Erlingsson Benedikt Erlingsson was born in Iceland. He is a director of theatre, television, and film. Woman at War is his latest film. Along with Obama, the young orphan he has taken under his wing, and his beloved donkey, he embarks on a journey across Egypt to his hometown to find out why his father never kept his promise to return. But Beshay isn t a man like other men: he is a leper, now cured, whose scars have led him to live apart from the world. Together, he and Obama will confront the world with all its sorrows and moments of grace, in his quest for a family, a place to belong, a little humanity.
He is the founder of Desert Highway Pictures, the production company for Yomeddine. His commercials have been shortlisted and awarded at the American Independent Commercial Producers and Porsche in Germany. Producer : Dina Emam Screenplay : A. Gyeong-yu, who has been living off of his girlfriend, is suddenly abandoned by her for reasons he can t understand. Having nowhere to go, Gyeong-yu finds himself on the street with a suitcase. With the whereabouts of the tiger unknown, the people are gripped by a vague fear.
Gyeong-yu, working for a designated driver service, drifts this way and that, and happens to come across his former girlfriend Yoo-jung. He made short films such as I. Renewal , Where are you dad? He worked as Assistant Director for the director Hong Sang-soo.
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WEI s neighbour is estranged from his family and decides to join him. Together, this trio, decide to flee as the bully s gangster brother, enraged parents and vindictive school authorities all go on a cold-blooded hunt for WEI. The film tells the story of a day where the protagonists head towards a city, where it is rumoured that a circus elephant is said to be sitting still. Despite the fact that the young couple hardly know each other, they fully enjoy the beginning of their married life together. However, events occur which darken their original joy and lead to unexpected outcomes.
His short films and documentaries focused on social topics such as the consequences of the Iraq-Iran war and particularly the welfare of children. His debut feature film Valderama was screened at the Berlinale Generation. An unexpected encounter with a figure from her past sets off a flurry of memories she had long repressed regarding the journey that brought her here.
Dolkar was only eight when she and her father left their Tibetan home in a desperate attempt to start anew in a safer land. As memories of what became a disastrous expedition take shape, Dolkar resolves to confront the man she believes responsible. Tenzing Sonam was born in Darjeeling. He studied at St. Together they have directed several films including Dreaming Lhasa , had its world premiere at Toronto International Film Festival.
The Sweet Requiem is their latest film. Her new home seems idyllic, her husband favours her, and she quickly becomes pregnant with what she is certain will be the desired male progeny. But the trouble is quietly brewing: she witnesses a forbidden tryst that will spark a chain reaction of misfortunes and stir in May urges that until now had been dormant.
The Third Wife is her debut feature. And in the navel of Manila, four men fall in love with one woman, Aileen. Each with a different reason: provincial boy Caloy wants a wife, widower Lando desires a whore, college student Alex finds a soulmate, and Obeng the thief longs for a companion. Each may be different, but one thing is certainly true-all of these men love Aileen with all their hypothalamus. The employees, led by their spokesman Laurent Amedeo, decide to fight this brutal decision, ready to do everything to save their jobs. He attended a University Institutes of Technology and moved to Paris, where he started his career in theater and television, before moving on to short films and feature films.
When greed, passion and honour collide, a fratricidal war breaks out that will put their lives, their culture and their ancestral traditions at stake. After completing her studies in film and marketing, she worked as a producer at the National University of Colombia. Together with director Ciro Guerra a Colombian film director and screenwriter , Cristina Gallego founded Ciudad Lunar and produced several acclaimed feature films. Gallego and Guerra were nominated for an Oscar for their efforts on Embrace of the Serpent.
She is determined to make her idol Muhammad Ali proud, as well as her father who has recently been released from prison. But when she wants to show him just how tough she is, she soon comes to realise he s got other plans for her. She studied drama and English at Trinity College, Dublin. She is an award-winning playwright and filmmaker.
Her directorial credits include the short film Limbo and the feature Snap Float Like a Butterfly is her latest film. Suffering from pregnancy denial, she finds herself breaking the law by giving birth to a baby out of wedlock. The hospital gives her 24 hours to provide the father s papers before informing the authorities She studied drama and Maghreb and Middle East culture.
She entered the Belgian cinema school. When his first wife, Zhipara, calls to tell him she has found their long-lost son, Uluk, Karabas rushes to her, much to the dismay of his much younger and pregnant second wife, Turganbyubyu. But at the age of sixty she realizes that this inherited money is no longer enough. This new reality alters the imaginary equilibrium in which she lived and pushes it to transform into a world that until then, had remained immobile.
Marcelo Martinessi Marcelo Martinessi was the executive director of the first public television channel in Paraguay from the beginning of the project in until the coup d etat of June In , he directed the short film Ultima Street. The shackles of conservative and religious government throttling freedom of expression, stifling creativity, and imposing stringent punitive punishments, including arrests and experiments, have not deterred Iranian filmmakers from making films that have coveted global acclaim, accolades and awards by the bushel.
The cultural and political curbs imposed by successive governments on its filmmakers have, on the other hand, forced artists to seek out more creative ways of telling their stories. In the last two decades and more, Iranian Cinema has been lauded as one of the best cinemas by critics the world over, inviting inevitable comparisons to the Italian Neorealism, French Nouvelle Vogue and similar other definitive cinematic movements of the past that have changed and chartered the course of cinemas over its plus years.
From revolutionary cinema of the 80s to reformist cinema of the 90s through the first half of , Iranian Cinema is renowned for its distinct style, thematic concerns, with a rich manifestation of country s multifarious culture, all laying the strong foundations of film art in the region.
Iranian Cinema which has stamped its own identity on global marquee footprint, with the like of Dariush Mehrjui, Bahram Baizai, Amir Naderi, Abbas Kiarostami, Reza Alamzadeh, Sohrab Shahid, the Makhmalbaf family, Jafar Panahi, Asghar Farhadi, Majid Majidi and Bahman Ghobdi, among other illustrious auteurs have not only garnered international fame enjoying near frenzy global following. Furthermore, Iranian Cinema has been the toast of a range of International film festivals circuit time and again, in the last twenty years, is one of the world s versatile artistic cinemas. Although there have been many crucial developments in Iranian Cinema in the s, global attention was captured by the Iranian Revolution of What brought the focus back to Iranian Cinema was Amir Naderi s masterwork, The Runner, that crafted a cinematic landscape of its own being deeply moving, with allegorical significance.
He was sentenced to suspended prison terms and being barred from making films, began smuggling to European film festivals. Iranian Cinema has been particularly hailed and admired for its childlike innocence, deeply ethical and moral values, pristine rural beauty and the poetic elegance it brings into the narrative even as the larger human drama unfolds. The story of over 40 years of Iranian cinema, has been one of art versus oppression, free expression battling forces of censorship, following which, as a matter of experience, driven by funding and opportunity, Iranian Cinema, and its school of auteurs have found other countries as safe heavens to bring and make cinemas they believe in, truthfully and creatively, holding a mirror to the nation for the world movie marquee to experience, dissect and debate about.
As a result, having coveted immense success in world cinema on the international scene, Iranian cinema has opened a window of spectatorship into the culture, society, and politics of Iran. Its visual language making its poetic and social discourses concerning the nature of human experience, knowledge, value, and reality accessible and understandable to the extended global audience th Bengaluru International Film Festival.
Forced by circumstance, Kejal becomes a Kulbar a woman in men s world. In a world where a woman aspiring towards independence has to be particularly strong. This drama with elements of suspense tells a story about suppressed but proud people who carry their life on their back. Most of them play themselves in this film. Nima Yar Born in , Nima Yar is a director, actor, photographer and designer who began his art career with designing sculptures, paintings and with social photography.
He started studying acting in and direction in He has acted in theatre and in television series, and produced short and documentary films. Kejal is his debut feature film. Both lead actresses create characters that stand in stark contrast to the persona they have come to be known for. Mostafa Zamani, Saeed Changizian, Tina Pakravan and Shirin Yazdanbakhsh complete a stellar ensemble whose chemistry is the film s strength. Aziz and her grandchildren go the complex to get a chance to visit her son, Davoud. After her arrival, new adventures begin. She has served as script girl and then assistant director to many well-known directors such as Majid Majidi, Kamal Tabrizi, Ebrahim Hatami Kia, and so forth.
Gheydi has made numerous short films and TV movies. Villa Dwellers is her debut feature film. The teacher decides to go to the neighboring villages to convince all the parents that education is a must for their children. When he falls ill, his fiancee steps forward to assist him. But everything gets complicated and eventually one of the student volunteers to take up the responsibility for conducting the classes smoothly.
He has been active as a film teacher and filmmaker since the s. Writer and director of fifty short and medium-length films and twelve TV movies, Ghanbari is best known for his The Little Bird Freak and Growing in the wind which was shown and acclaimed in International film festivals. Match all words Match exact words Match any words. All Dates 's 's 's 's 's 's 's 's 's 's 's 's. Clips Only. Your search for " dating " returned results. Page of 16, Display Mode:.
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